Nature is the greatest boon to the human society. It beautifies the land, stimulates the winds and preserves ecological balance. There are many kinds of forests. The hill forest, evergreen forest, coniferous forest, deciduous forest and desert forest. The forest is always based on natural landscape, climatic condition and ratio of the rainfall. The human beings destroy the forest and utilize its by-products. As we snatch away all the sources of nature, we must at least plant one saplings before cutting one tree. The forest policy in California has many aims to plant, develop and protect the forest. To develop this system, Californians have to develop plantation, conserve the nature resources, and avoid destruction of the forests.
Forest the mighty land of lives!
California has several large forests with full of medicinal plants and trees and the role of forests in American society is more important one. Humans play a determining role in balancing ecosystem in that way government of California is trying restore the forest from wildfires, harvests and industrialization. California contains 33 million acres of forests and only 20 million acres are being managed by the government. According to US government 6 to 9 million acres of Californian forests need to be restored. People can take initiation and collect funds for restoration process. Out 57% which means 19 million acres, only 3% of the forest is under the management of state and local US forest service and federal Bureau of Land Management and the rest of those is under private administrations.
Californian Forest Types
- Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa)
- Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
- Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta)
- Giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum)
- Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens)
California’s National Forests
- Angeles National Forest.
- Cleveland National Forest.
- Inyo National Forest.
- Los Padres National Forest.
- San Bernardino National Forest.
- Sequoia National Forest.
- Sierra National Forest.
There are 20 national forests in California and Shasta – Trinity National Forests are said to be the largest forest of California which is located in the northern part. Adak National Forest is the smallest of all.
Research says that nearly 40 % of forest land is owned by families and American tribes or industries. 14% of forest which means 5 million acres are under industrial Timber companies. 9% of forestland owned by individuals. In this calculation however each of this 90% owners owns less than 50 acres. It seems that forests of California are facing economic problems, since the owners are short fund to maintain their lands, the forest is facing menacing of wildfire and deforestation. These threats might cause the Californian forest to lose their peculiar species. The forests of California facing a difficulty of deficient regrowth of plants and trees.
University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources works with the main goal of providing research-based information to protect the Californian forests from wildfire, insects and diseases, vegetation management and climate changes and depict the fact that major forest areas are at the risk of urbanization and industrialization.
Types of trees in Californian forests
- Giant sequoia
- Lodgepole pine
- Ponderosa pine
- Coast redwood and many hardwood trees.
Some of the best Trees of California’s Forests
- California Black walnut
- California Sycamore
- Fremont cottonwood
- California White alder
- Oregon ash
1993 research papers have estimated that California is home to 4,693 native species and 1169 subspecies.
The total California’s forest area is 100 million acres. The perceptible combination of Climates and soil types creates a unique mix of ecozone forest types.
In California’s forest mixed conifer group of trees covers 7.8 million acres (24% of the forest), 2.2 million is covered by Ponderosa pine (7%), other western softwood group covers nearly 2 million acres. Mixed conifer alone comprises of Douglas Fir, Ponderosa fir, sugar fir, Jeffery pine, incensed cedar, white fir and red fir. Hardwood forest encloses 40% of the forest area which measure 13 million acres. Western oak – 9.5 million and laurel – 2 million, other trees and plants covers 608,000 acres, remaining 2 percent is non stocked.
All the trees in California’s forest are 17 – 160 years older, and the total national forest alone covers the area of 47.590 acres. About 39% of California’s forest land is owned by private individuals or corporations. About 17 million acres are timber land. California derives most of the economic, ecological and social benefits from forest and the state’s economy depends on natural resources. California is home to countries treasured national forests.